To compare Silq to Q#, we solved all 28 tasks of Microsoft’s Q# Summer 2018 and Winter 2019 coding contest in Silq. We compared the Silq solutions to the Q# reference solutions provided by the language designers from 2018 and 2019.

## Examples

Based on manual investigation of the contestants’ code, we believe they could encode their intended solutions better in Silq. In the following, we show two frequently occurring patterns.

### Flip Before Control

```
// Q# code snippet
X(qs[0]); X(qs[1]);
(Controlled X)(qs, a[0]);
X(qs[0]); X(qs[1]);
```

In the above Q# code snippet, the programmer wants to flip the bit of `a[0]`

if
both `qs[0]`

and `qs[1]`

are `0`

. In Q#, this requires (i) flipping `qs[0]`

and
`qs[1]`

, (ii) applying `X`

conditioned on `qs`

, and (iii) reversing step (i).

In contrast, Silq leverages automatic uncomputation to express this snippet as:

```
// Silq code snippet corresponding to the above Q# code snippet
if !qs[0] && !qs[1] {
a[0] := X(a[0]);
}
```

### Initializing Qubits

```
// Q# code snippet (some parts omitted)
operation Set(des:Result,q:Qubit):(){
... // omitted
}
operation Solve(qs:Qubit[]):(){ body{
for (i in 0..Length(qs)-1){
Set(Zero,qs[i]);
}
... // omitted
}}
```

In the above Q# code snippet, the programmer wants to initialize the k-bit
integer `qs`

to zero, operate on it, and return the result. However, since Q#
does not allow to allocate and return qubits, the code must take a pre-allocated
`qs`

and explicitly set it to zero.

In contrast, Silq simply initializes `qs`

to zero:

```
// Silq code snippet corresponding to the above Q# code snippet
def solve(k:!ℕ){
qs:=0:int[k];
... // omitted
}
```

## Other Languages

For a more thorough comparison of Silq to other languages, we refer to our publication.